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Unit 1

★ Text A



1)To use the machine, first insertthe correct cions,then select the drink you want and button.


2)Professor Smith translated not only from the French but also,on occasion,from the Polish.


3)Food chemists will investigatethe health food on sale to see if it really dose give the benefits claimed.


4)In retrospect,it was the wrong time to open anew data processing center in this city.


5)Myinitialreaction to the news was relief,but as I thoughtmore about it I began to feel angry.


6)A full understanding of mathematics is sufficient to explain a wide variety of naturalphenomena.


7)Make sure the label is firmly attachedto the parcel before you mail it.


8)Make boyfriend bought me dinner tomake up forbeing late the say before.


9)The committeeis awaitinga decision from the head office before it takes any action


10)The little girl didnotseem to be in the leastfrightened if being left by herself in the house.


11)The WTO is intended topromotetrade among its member states.


12)When the moonemergedfrom behind the clouds I made out a figure moving in the distance.


2. 1) There is a striking contrast between the standards of living in the north of the country and the south.

2) Natural fiber is said to be superior to synthetic fiber.

3) The city’s importance as a financial center has evolved slowly.

4) His nationality is not relevant to whether he is a good lawyer.

5) The poems by a little-known sixteenth-century Italian poet have found their way into some English magazines.

3. 1) be picked up, can’t accomplish, am exaggerating

2) somewhat, performance, have neglected, they apply to

3) assist, On the other hand, are valid, a superior


1. 1) continual 2) continuous 3) continual 4) continuous

2. 1) principal 2) principal 3) principle 4) principles 5) principal


1. themselves 2. himself/herself 3. herself/by herself/on her own 4. itself

5. ourselves 6. yourself/ by yourself/on your own

Comprehensive Exercise

I. Cloze

1. 1) contrast 2) exaggerating 3) priority 4) on the other hand 5) promoting

6) pick up 7) assist 8) accomplish 9) on occasion 10) neglecting

11) worthwhile 12) superior

2. 1) end 2) perform 3) facing 4) competent 5) equipped

6) designed 7) approach 8) rest 9) definitely 10) quality

II. Translation

1.1) It takes an enormous amount of courage to make a departure from the tradition.

2) Tom used to be very shy, but this time he was bold enough to give a performance in front of a large audience.

3) Many educators think it desirable to foster the creative spirit in the child at an early age.

4) Assuming (that) this painting really is a masterpiece, do you think it’s worthwhile to buy/purchase it?

5) If the data is statistically valid, it will throw light on the problem we are investigating.

2. To improve our English, it is critical to do more reading, writing, listening and speaking. Besides, learning by heart as many well-written essays as possible is also very important. Without an enormous store of good English writing in your head you cannot express yourself freely in English. It is also helpful to summarize our experience as we go along, for in so doing, we can figure out which way of learning is more effective and will produce the most desirable result. As long as we keep working hard on it, we will in due course accomplish the task of mastering English.

★ Text B

Comprehension check: c c d a c b

Language Practice

1.g h e c f a b d

2.1) adopt 2) account 3) from your point of view 4) ended up5) furthermore 6) fund 7) annual 8) keeping track of 9) pace 10) intends

11) perspective 12) devise

Unit 2

★ Text A


I. 1. 1) abrupt 2) emotional 3) bless 4) wear and tear 5) dated

6)consequences 7)seemingly 8) in contrast to 9) Curiosity 10) genuine 11) primarily 12) sentiments

2. 1) When you are confronted with more than one problem, try to solve the easiest one first.

2) Water is vital to the existence of all forms of life.

3) There is still some confusion among the students about what to do after class to follow up on the subject.

4) As a person of simple living habits, he needs nothingmore than a job and an apartment to be happy.

5) It tickled him to think that she’d come to as his advice.

3. 1) a lingering, fabricating, sentiments

2) fill out, every item, vital, consequences

3) be denied, tangible, cherish, attain


1.It’s a long trip and will take us five hours by bus.

2.She arrived early and took a front row seat.

3.Don’t take me for a fool.

4.It takes a lot of imagination to fabricate such a story.

5.My uncle will take me (along on his trip) to the Arctic this summer.

6.He took the dinner plate Ipassed to him.

7.Kevin took second prize in the weight-lifting competition.

8.If you don’t take my advice, you will regret it.


1.hanging 2. to give 3. to return 4. being praised 5. not having written

6. to say 7. to open 8. being helped

Comprehensive Exercise


1. 1) well-off/affluent 2) dated 3) falling into 4) bracket 5) deny

6) tangible 7) pursuit 8) cherishes 9) out of place 10) abrupt

11) focus 12) donations

2. 1) consume 2) fueled 3) annual 4) plain 5) physically 6) security

7) indicates 8) equally 9) traditional 10) follows

II. Translation

1.1) The company denied that its donations had a commercial purpose.

2) Whenever he was angry, he would begin to stammer slightly.

3) Education is the most cherished tradition in our family. That’s why my parents never took me to dinner at expensive restaurants, but sent me to the best private school.

4) Shortly after he recovered from the surgery, he lost his job and thus had to go through another difficult phase of his life.

5) In contrast to our affluent neighbors, my parents are rather poor, but they have always tried hard to meet our minimal needs.

2. With more and more donations coming in, our university will be much better off financially next year. We will thus be able to focus on the most important task that we, educators, must take on: to encourage students to attain their scholarly/academic goals, to train them to be dependable and responsible individuals, to prepare them for the life ahead, and to guide them in theirpursuit of spiritual as well as material satisfaction.

★ Text B

Comprehension Check: b b d c d d

Language Practice

1.f c g e b a h d

2.1) stunned 2) hold (fast) to 3) folks 4) generosity 5) discount6) liable

7) ranks 8) on the run 9) make up 10) blends in 11) by all accounts 12) comes into contact with

Unit 3

★ Text A



1.1) typical 2)dumb 3) junior 4) glorious 5) welfare 6)came over 7) interference 8)fading 9) narrowed down 10) frank 11)schemes 12) at any rate

2. 1) The Security council consists of five generals and four police officers.

2) The new hotel will be in a location overlooking the lake.

3) I was humiliated by her comments about my family background in front of so many people.

4) Do you have any proof that it wasHenry who stole the computer?

5) the boy was exhausted after the long cycle ride.

3. 1) hysterical; was handed down; should have known better than

2) twisted, over and over, talented son

3) patience, not to keep him in suspense, assured, repeatedly


1.adequate 2. anxious 3. certain 4. content 5. crazy 6. likely 7. fortunate 8. keen


1.be admitted 2. live 3. be postponed 4. buy 5. be banned 6. be

Comprehensive Exercise

I. 1. 1) typical 2) welfare 3) constant 4) frank 5) talent 6) dumb

7) know better than that 8) repeatedly 9) dread 10) interference 11) bet 12) assure

2. 1) despite 2) really 3) same 4) contact 5) admitted 6) attempt

7) not 8) tend 9) different 10) manner

II. Translation

1. 1) Have scientists found proof of water on Mars?

2) The planning committee has narrowed down the possible locations for the nuclear power plant to two coastal towns.

3) Sam not only lost his job but also both legs; he had to live on welfare for therest of his life.

4) A jury consisting of 12 members voted in unison that Mary was guilty.

5) Sean felt humiliated ti hear his talent being questioned.

2. George, the son of Mr. Johnson, liked listening to heavy metal music in the evenings, which made it hard for other residents in the community to fall asleep. Eventually the exhausted neighbors lost their patience and decided on direct interference. They called Mr. Johnson to tell him in a frank manner what they were thinking. Mr. Johnson assured them that he would certainly settle the issue. As soon as he put down the phone he scolded his son, “What has come over you? You should know better than to disturb others for your own amusement.”In the end George traded his CD’s for computer games software from his classmates.

★ Text B

Comprehension Check: b ab c d a

Language Practice

1. d e f g a b h c

2. 1) and he like 2) popularity 3) had been kept in the dark 4) define 5) was aware of 6)relate 7) were up to 8) trend 9)opportunity 10)mobile 11)comments

12) interviewed

Unit 4

★ Text A



1. 1) conversely 2). but then 3) symptom 4) spitting 5) abusing 6) tone

7) took…in 8) editing 9) have arranged 10) in sight 11) stretched12) data

2. 1) The sight of teenagers smoking cigarettes jars on me.

2) A lot of American teenagers don’t like street gangs, but they find themselves getting sucked in.

3) Jeffrey’s computer crashed again this morning. The manager has arranged for a technician from the computer store to check and repair it.

4) During the Vietnam War, many young Americans fled their country to avoid military service/fled to other countries to avoid military service.

5) The new government is planning an anti-corruption campaign so as to restore people’s confidence in it.

3. 1) the virtual, on line, via 2) nightmare, routine, any appointment, arrange for

3) cue, remarks, his tune

II. 1. We came here all the way on foot.

2. Private cars are not allowed on campus.

3. They are on vocation in Florida.

4. Mary has been talking to her friend on the phone for an hour.

5. Don’t worry, Lucy is always on time.

6. Industrial demand on fuel is on the rise.

III. 1. hard 2. difficult 3. impossible 4. tough 5. hard 6. easy

Comprehensive Exercise


1. 1) internet 2) click 3) virtual 4) routines 5) arrange 6) nightmare 7) annoying 8) connection 9) crawls 10) take in 11) spit 12) data 13) sucked into 14) At times 15) flee 16) on line

2. 1) companion 2) deliver 3) access 4) enables 5) customers 6) delights 7) provides 8) small 9) remote 10) information

II. Translation

1. 1) Research shows that laughter can bring a lot of health benefits.

2) A slow Internet connecting speed is really annoying.

3) As the law stands, helping someone commit suicide is a crime.

4) In her report, Mary tries to interpret the data from a completely different angle.

5) Sue is a girl of great talent. Her amazing memory sets her apart from her classmates.

2. Perhaps you envy me for being able to work from home on the computer. I agree that the Internet has made my job a lot easier. Ican write,submit and edit articles via email, chat with my colleagues on line and discuss work with my boss. With a click of the mouse, Ican get all the data I need and keep up with the latest news. But then, communicating through the Net can be frustrating at times. The system may crash. Worse still, without the emotional cues of face-to-face communication, the typed words sometimes seem difficult to interpret.

★ Text B

Comprehension Check: caabdc

Language Practice

1.d e a c b f g h

2.1) vehicle 2) hooked on 3)intense 4)worldwide 5)overnight 6)slipped

7) on the whole 8) called forth 9) outwards 10)Needless to say 11) to my knowledge 12) On top of that

Unit 5

★ Text A



1. 1) startled 2) mere 3) motion 4) sweating 5) stretched 6) vain 7) On one occasion

8) anxiety 9) emotions 10) ashamed 11) In my mind’s eye 12) recurring

2. 1) Mrs. White’s birthday coincides with her husband’s.

2) They make big profits on the stuff they sell by creating an artificial shortage, which send s the prices soaring/results in the soaring of prices.

3) It has been a week of alternate sunshine and rain.

4) Politics and philosophy have been his lifelong passions, although he studied economics at university.

5) Tension came over her, as she waited for her first TV interview.

3. 1) media, dedication to, grace 2) his competitors, in excitement, hug him, congratulate him on

3) emotions, numerous, intensity, passion for


1.Mike, a Green, made the suggestion that a large park be built near the community.

2.In a letter to his daughter, Mr. Smith expressed his wish that she (should) continue her education to acquire still another degree.

3.There is no reason to hold the belief that humans have no direct moral responsibility to safeguard the welfare of animals.

4.Children need to feel safe about the world they grow up in, and it is unwise to give them the idea that everything they come into contact with might be a threat.

5.Anxiety can result from the notion that life has not treated us fairly.

6.Nobody believed his claim that he was innocent.


1.I work out in the gym for one hour every morning.

2.Florence has worked as cleaner at the factory for five years.

3.The wounded man worked his way across the field on his hands and knees.

4.The safe load for a truck of this type works out at about twenty-five tons.

5.It is difficult to understand how human minds work.

6.To my disappointment, the manager’s plan of promoting the new products doesn’t work at all.

7.The teacher has a lot of experience of working with children who don’t know how to learn.

8.The medicinewas like magic, and it worked instantly after you took it.

Comprehensive Exercise


1. 1) In my mind’s eye 2) groan 3) competitor 4) intensity 5) anxiety 6) tense

7) sweat 8) tension 9) soaring 10) recurring11) brought me back to earth

12) fantasy 13) sweat 14) congratulate 15) numerous 16) media

2. 1) engineer 2) forget 3) convinced 4) how 5) build 6) accident

7) thought 8)only 9) sharp 10) touched 11) instructions 12) finally

II. Translation

1. 1) It is the creativity and dedication of the workers and executives that turned the company into a profitable business.

2) The prices of food and medicine have soared in the past three months.

3) We plan to repaint the upper floors of he office building.

4) His success shows that popularity and artistic merit sometimes coincide.

5) I don’t want to see my beloved grandmother lying in a hospital bed and groaning painfully.

2. Numerous facts bear out the argument/statement/claim that in order to recover speedily from negative emotion, you should allow yourself to cry. You needn’t/don’t have to be ashamed of crying. Anxiety and sorrow can flow out of the body along with tears.

Consider the case of/Take Donna, Her son unfortunately died in a car accident. The intensity of the blow made her unable to cry. She said, “It was not until two weeks later that Ibegan to cry. And then Ifelt as if a big stone had been lifted from my shoulders. It was the tears that brought me back to earth and helped me survive the crisis.”

★ Text B

Comprehension Check: b cb bc a

Language Practice

1.a e d c b h f g

2.1) aid 2) inclined 3) in good health 4) shortcomings 5) penetrated

6) dismiss 7)has suffered from 8)progressive 9)optimistic10)to a degree 11)hold on to 12)install


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